Guide to the Thaddeus Sheldon Papers on Harmonia, 1853-1868 DAR.1960.01

ULS Archives & Special Collections

Summary Information

Repository
ULS Archives & Special Collections
Title
Thaddeus Sheldon Papers on Harmonia
Creator
Sheldon, Thaddeus S.
Creator
Spear, John Murray, 1804-1887
Collection Number
DAR.1960.01
Date [inclusive]
1853-1868
Extent
1.67 linear feet (4 boxes)
Abstract
The nineteenth century utopian community of Harmonia, located in the valley of Kiantone Creek, straddling both New York and Pennsylvania, was known variously as Harmonia, the Association of Beneficents, The Sacred Order of Unionists, or The Domain. This collection consists mostly of letters, speeches, meeting minutes, financial statements of the Harmonia organization, and papers on various subjects such as education, the future of America, and sacred matrimony, which were frequently delivered as addresses to the group. Digital reproductions of this collection are available online.

Preferred Citation

Thaddeus Sheldon Papers on Harmonia, 1853-1868, DAR.1960.01, Darlington Collection, Archives & Special Collections, University of Pittsburgh Library System

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Biography

The nineteenth century utopian community of Harmonia, located in the valley of Kiantone Creek, situated on the border between New York and Pennsylvania, was known variously as Harmonia, the Association of Beneficents, The Sacred Order of Unionists, and The Domain. This group of spiritualists "believed that the great men and women of earlier ages were guiding them toward the realization of a new social order. Some of their ideas included a perpetual motion machine, the curing of disease by 'magnetic waters,' world federalism, feminine emancipation, marriage reform, and the manufacture of sewing machines." The leader of the Kiantone Harmonia was John Murray Spear, a Universalist minister, and later, a spiritualist.

Harmonia was interested in practical ideas as well as idealistic plans for a utopian world with reforms in government, education, business, and marriage. Views on education, for example, describe a progressive theory which recommends the use of field trips and laboratory experiments, and advocates the education of women on an equal basis with men.

Spear, a staunch abolitionist, and members of the Harmonia community undertook a river voyage to New Orleans on the Cleopatra in a plan to secure recruits for the association. The trip was also a peace mission to protest the outbreak of a civil war in 1859 and 1860.

Members were also involved in the following sewing machine companies: Orvis, Boyd and Co.; Orvis and Williams Co.; the New York, Boston and Philadelphia Sewing Machine Embroidering Co.; and the American Sewing and Embroidery Machine Company.

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Scope and Content Notes

This collection consists mostly of correspondence; speeches; meeting minutes and financial statements of the Harmonia organization, and papers on various subjects such as education, the future of America, and sacred matrimony (frequently delivered as addresses to the group). These papers document the activities of a mid-nineteenth century utopian group which combined its philosophy, socialism, and ideas about spiritualism.

Many of the documents are addresses and essays written by Spiritualist John Murray Spear (1804-1887) on a wide range of topics, such as education, human relations, and government. Some of Spear's correspondence is also part of the collection. Other important members of the group whose letters and papers are part of the collection include Daniel and Rebecca H. Gano, John Orvis, and Thaddeus S. Sheldon, who received custody of the papers upon the dissolution of Harmonia. Many of the communications and speeches were transcribed or rewritten by Caroline Hinkley, who was the Scribe, or secretary, of the Order. Hinckley, a woman's rights advocate, began a relationship with the then married Spear and gave birth to their child in 1859. In 1863 Spear divorced his wife of thirty-two years in order to marry Hinckley and legitimize their son.

Several of the papers, as well as letters, written in 1863, decry the institution of slavery and question whether the Civil War could force a union based on freedom. Additionally, scattered papers from 1861 through 1865 reveal the group's interest in perfecting and selling sewing machines.

Also of note are the signatures on a number of items. The "signatures" of John Quincy Adams and Benjamin Franklin appear on several documents, possibly reflecting the personas of J. M. Spears or Thaddeus Stephens who adopted Franklin and Adams, respectively, as their guides from the past. Please note these are not the actual signatures of Adams, Franklin, or other notable figures that had long since been deceased.

In the contents list, if the title of an essay is not accompanied by a name, the author is unknown. In some cases, although an author has not been identified on the document, if the author is presumed to be known, their name is indicated in [brackets]. Additionally, if a date is not specified but believed to be known, it is identified by the use of the "ca." abbreviation.

Series II of the papers contains twenty-six folders of correspondence concerning the community which were written and received by Mr. Ernest C. Miller, the donor of this collection. There are also research notes relating to Harmonia at Kiantone.

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Arrangement

This collection has been arranged into two series in chronological order. In Series I, items in Box 4 had previously been cataloged separately, but were later combined. At some point in the past they were identified and sorted by year and this arrangement has been maintained.

  • Series I. Harmonia documents
  • Series II. Ernest C. Miller Correspondence and Research

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Administrative Information

Publication Information

ULS Archives & Special Collections, July 2007

University of Pittsburgh Library System
Archives & Special Collections
Website: library.pitt.edu/archives-special-collections
412-648-3232 (ASC) | 412-648-8190 (Hillman)
Contact Us: www.library.pitt.edu/ask-archivist

Revision Description

 Added links within finding aid to access content selected for digitization. July 2012

Access Restrictions

No restrictions.

Copyright

No copyright restrictions.

Custodial History

This collection was located in the Darlington Memorial Library in the University’s Cathedral of Learning until 2007 when it was moved to the ULS Archives Service Center for processing, storage, preservation and service. However, it remains in the custodianship of the ULS Special Collections Department.

Acquisition Information

Gift of Ernest C. Miller to the Darlington Memorial Library in 1960.

Processing Information

Original catalog arrangement provided by Russell Duino in 1959. This collection was processed by Ruth Salisbury on January 19, 1961. Arrangement for the encoded version of the finding aid provided by Janet H. Begnoche on March 1, 2000. The finding aid was further revised from the 1961 version and reformatted by Kristin Justham in July 2007.

Existence and Location of Copies

Digital reproductions of this collection are available online.

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Controlled Access Headings

Corporate Name(s)

  • American Sewing and Embroidery Machine Company.
  • Harmonia Community.
  • New York, Boston and Philadelphia Sewing Machine Embroidering Company.
  • Orvis and Williams Company.
  • Orvis, Boyd and Company.

Genre(s)

  • Correspondence
  • Financial records
  • Minutes
  • Speeches

Geographic Name(s)

  • Kiantone (N.Y.)

Personal Name(s)

  • Buffum, Jonathan, 1793-1868
  • Gano, Daniel, 1758-1849
  • Hinckley, Caroline
  • Miller, Ernest C.
  • Orvis, John
  • Sheldon, Thaddeus S.
  • Spear, John Murray, 1804-1887
  • Sterling, John

Subject(s)

  • Communities -- New York (State) -- Kiantone
  • Sewing-machine industry -- United States -- History
  • Spiritualists -- United States

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Previous Citation

Thaddeus Sheldon Papers on Harmonia, 1853-1868, DAR.1960.01, Darlington Collection, Special Collections Department, University of Pittsburgh

This collection has been previously cited as: DAR#2.

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Collection Inventory

Series  I. Harmonia documents 

Scope and Contents note

This series contains items created by members of the Harmonia community and documents the organizations beliefs and codes of conduct.

  BoxFolder
"There is a Law of Love," by T. S. Sheldon, April 8, 1853 11
Online
  Folder
Untitled, by J. M. Spear, April 12, 1856 2
("Untitled, by J. M. Spear," online pending)
  Folder
"Of the Masculine and Feminine Principles as Exhibited in the Mineral, Vegetable and Animal Kingdoms," by T. S. Sheldon, February 8, 1857 3
Online
  Folder
"Of the Relation Which Man Bears to the Mineral, Vegetable and Animal Kingdoms," by J. M. Spear, February 8, 1857 4
Online
  Folder
Address to Mr. Treadwell, by J. M. Spear, March 1857 5
Online
  Folder
Untitled, by J. M. Spear, April 21, 1857 6
("Untitled, by J. M. Spear," online pending)
  Folder
"Of Growth or Expansions," by J. M. Spear, May 31, 1857 7
Online
  Folder
"Of the Whole Subject of Reproduction As It Relates to the Mineral, Vegetable and Animal Worlds," by J. M. Spear, July 10, 1857 8
Online
  Folder
"Of Education," by J. M. Spear, December 8, 1857 9
Online
  Folder
"Human Chemistry-What is It?," by J. M. Spear, September 24, 1858 10
Online
  Folder
Thomas Richmond to Honorable N. P. Tallmadge, November 14, 1858 11
("Thomas Richmond to Honorable N. P. Tallmadge," online pending)
  Folder
"Of Government," by J. M. Spear, November 19, 1858 12
Online
  Folder
Thomas Richmond to J. M. Spear, December 13, 1858 13
("Thomas Richmond to J. M. Spear," online pending)
  Folder
Daniel Gano to T. S. Sheldon, December 29, 1858 14
Online
  Folder
Address of Mrs. Peabody to J. M. Spear, January 19, 1859 15
Online
  Folder
Address of Mrs. Peabody to J. M. Spear, second session, January 20, 1859 16
Online
  Folder
"Of Bread Making," by J. M. Spear, March 1859 17
Online
  Folder
Eliza J. Kenny to John Orvis, April 1859 18
Online
  Folder
Basis of Temporary Union and Rules to be Observed by the Laborers and Dwellers on the Homeville Domain, August 20, 1859 19
Online
  Folder
Journal titled "Humanity's Book," August 22, 1859 20
Online
  Folder
Notice signed John Quincy Adams, September 7, 1859 21
("Notice signed John Quincy Adams," online pending)
  Folder
"Questions to be Answered by the Educationist," signed Benjamin Franklin [J. M. Spear] September 12, 1859 22
Online
  Folder
J. M. Spear to G. F. Lewis, October 9, 1859 23
Online
  Folder
J. M. Spear to Dr. Atkinson, October 25, 1859 24
Online
  Folder
Untitled, November 11, 1859 25
("Untitled," online pending)
  Folder
"To the Pilot," by J. M. Spear, December 2, 1859 26
Online
  Folder
"Of Labors of the Aggregationist, Constructor and Pilot at Pittsburg, etc. December 4, 1859 27
Online
  Folder
"To the Constructor,"December 9, 1859 28
Online
  Folder
"To the Provisionist," [J. M. Spear], December 22, 1859 29
Online
  Folder
"To the Leaderess," [J. M. Spear], December 22, 1859 30
Online
  Folder
"To the Pilot," [J. M. Spear], December 27, 1859 31
Online
  Folder
Untitled, [J. M. Spear], December 27, 1859 32
("Untitled, [J. M. Spear]," online pending)
  Folder
Communications received since starting on the river expedition, by J. M. Spear, October 12, 1859-February 23, 1860 33
Online
  Folder
"To the Pilot,"January 7, 1860 34
Online
  Folder
"From 'Fidelity' to the 'Leaderess',"January 7, 1860 35
Online
  Folder
Apostles of the General Assembly in the Spirit Life, January 19, 1860 36
Online
  Folder
"The Universal Congress on this Planet," by L. Judd Pardee, January 20, 1860 37
Online
  Folder
Untitled, by J. M. Spear, January 22, 1860 38
("Untitled, by J. M. Spear," online pending)
  Folder
Untitled, by J. M. Spear, January 23, 1860 39
("Untitled, by J. M. Spear," online pending)
  Folder
"Sources of Contribution to Aid and Assist the Sacred Order" and "Of the Center and Sub Centers," signed Benjamin Franklin [J. M. Spear], January 29, 1860 and January 30, 1860 40
Online
  Folder
Rules to be Observed by the Leading Mind of the General Assembly, February 16, 1860 41
("Rules to be Observed by the Leading Mind of the General Assembly," online pending)
  Folder
Pledge of Secrecy to the Sacred Order of Unionists, February 23, 1860 42
("Pledge of Secrecy to the Sacred Order of Unionists," online pending)
  Folder
Papers transmitted during the river journey by J. M. Spear, February 26, 1860-June 6, 1860 43
("Papers transmitted during the river journey by J. M. Spear," online pending)
  Folder
Letter of introduction for Spear and Hinckley by Daniel Gano, March 5, 1860 44
Online
  Folder
"Of Things to be Done at Cuba and its Adjuncts," signed Benjamin Franklin [J. M. Spear], May 5, 1860 45
Online
  Folder
"To the Omniarch," signed Benjamin Franklin [J. M. Spear], May 7, 1860 46
Online
  Folder
Deed, George W. Mordecai to Alpheus Cowles, April 10, 1860 47
Online
  Folder
"Of the Electric Motor" [J. M. Spear], June 2, 1860 48
Online
  Folder
Copy of report of river expedition, etc., to "My Brother and Colaborer" [T. S. Sheldon], July 1, 1860 49
Online
  Folder
Outline of plans and purposes of the Sacred Order and Of Symbols for the Sacred Order, July 27 and 28, 1860 50
("Outline of plans and purposes of the Sacred Order and Of Symbols for the Sacred Order," online pending)
  Folder
"To the Apostle of Harmony," signed Benjamin Franklin [J. M. Spear], September 3, 1860 51
Online
  Folder
Daniel Gano to T. S. Sheldon, September 5, 1860 52
("Daniel Gano to T. S. Sheldon," online pending)
  Folder
John M. Spear to Thaddeus Sheldon, October 17, 1860 53
Online
  Folder
"Of Manuscripts," signed Benjamin Franklin [J. M. Spear], October 19, 1860 54
Online
  Folder
"Of the Laws of Trade," [J. M. Spear], [January 1], 1861 55
Online
  Folder
"My Sister" Address, by J. M. Spear, August 1, 1862 56
Online
  Folder
Address to the Assembly, by J. M. Spear, August 22, 1862 57
Online
  Folder
"Thanksgiving and Prayer," by J. M. Spear, September 16, 1862 58
Online
  Folder
Compact on the part of Thaddeus S. Sheldon and Horace Fenton, drawn up by Spear, January 1, 1861 59
Online
  Folder
Contract between Thaddeus S. Sheldon and Mary Gardner, drawn up by Spear, January 1, 1861 60
Online
  BoxFolder
Purposes of the Spirit Association for the Year 1861, by J. M. Spear, 1861 21
("Purposes of the Spirit Association for the Year 1861, by J. M. Spear," online pending)
  Folder
"Of the True Apostles of the General Assembly," [T. S. Sheldon], March 8, 1861 2
Online
  Folder
"Program of Things To Be Done in the Old World," [T. S. Sheldon], March 18, 1861 3
Online
  Folder
Untitled, March 19, 1861 4
("Untitled," online pending)
  Folder
"Disclosure," by J. M. Spear, March 21, 1861 5
Online
  Folder
"Of Speculation," [T. S. Sheldon], March 22, 1861 6
Online
  Folder
"Of Transistions," [T. S. Sheldon], March 22, 1861 7
Online
  Folder
"Of Concentration and Construction," by J. M. Spear, March 28, 1861 8
Online
  Folder
"Of Machines and Inventions in General and of the Sewing Machine in Special" and "Personal Preparations for Constructive Labors," by J. M. Spear, April 1, 1861 9
Online
  Folder
"Preliminaries," by J. M. Spear, April 1, 1861 10
Online
  Folder
"Of Inherency," by J. M. Spear, April 2, 1861 11
Online
  Folder
"Of Reciprocity," by J. M. Spear, April 2, 1861 12
Online
  Folder
"Of Methods," by J. M. Spear, April 2, 1861 13
Online
  Folder
"Of the Order of an Unfolding," by J. M. Spear, April 3, 1861 14
Online
  Folder
"Elucidation," by J. M. Spear, April 4, 1861 15
Online
  Folder
"Programme of Labors at the Implementist's Shop," by J. M. Spear, April 5, 1861 16
Online
  Folder
"Order Of Procedure," by J. M. Spear, April 5, 1861 17
Online
  Folder
"Of Power," by J. M. Spear, April 5, 1861 18
Online
  Folder
"Of Sleep," by J. M. Spear, April 6, 1861 19
Online
  Folder
"Of Propulsion," by J. M. Spear, April 7, 1861 20
Online
  Folder
"Of Repulsion," by J. M. Spear, April 7, 1861 21
Online
  Folder
"Of Adjustments," by J. M. Spear [2 copies, one in Spear's hand], April 7, 1861 22
Online
  Folder
"Of Reconstruction, etc.," [J. M. Spear], April 9, 1861 23
Online
  Folder
"Of Miniatures," by J. M. Spear, April 9, 1861 24
Online
  Folder
"Of the Constructive Mental Faculties," by J. M. Spear, April 9, 1861 25
Online
  Folder
"Of the Hand," [J. M. Spear], April 9, 1861 26
Online
  Folder
"Of Practical Steps to be Taken by the Implementist," by J. M. Spear April 12, 1861 27
Online
  Folder
"Of Combination and Union," by J. M. Spear, April 12, 1861 28
Online
  Folder
"Of the Mechanism of the New State" [T. S. Sheldon], April 26, 1861 29
Online
  Folder
Communication to the Arranger given by Robert Rantoul, Messenger, April 27, 1861 30
Online
  Folder
"Of Models," by T. S. Sheldon, May 4, 1861 31
Online
  Folder
"Of Order," by T. S. Sheldon, May 7, 1861 32
Online
  Folder
"Of the Road to Wealth," by J. M. Spear, July 3, 1861 33
Online
  Folder
"Of the Human Mind," by T. S. Sheldon, July 22, 1861 34
Online
  Folder
"To the Divinationist," by J. M. Spear, signed Benjamin Franklin [J. M. Spear], July 28, 1861 35
Online
  Folder
John M. Spear to My Brother [Sheldon], July 30, 1861 36
Online
  Folder
Communicator [J. M. Spear] to My Brother [Sheldon], July 30, 1861 37
Online
  Folder
Agreement signed by Mary Gardner, written by J. M. Spear, August 1, 1861 38
Online
  Folder
List of papers to be transmitted, written by J. M. Spear, August 12, 1861 39
Online
  Folder
"Of the Inventor, Artisan, Builder," by J. M. Spear, August 21, 1861 40
Online
  Folder
Arranger to Brother Harmonizer, August 26, 1861 41
Online
  Folder
Meeting minutes of the Sacred Order of Unionists, September 28, 1861 42
Online
  Folder
Indenture, Alpheus Cowles to John Orvis, September 30, 1861 43

Cover: Received for record on October 8, 1861

Online
  Folder
"Of Harmonic Life" [J. M. Spear], October 28, 1861 44
Online
  Folder
Note signed Eureka, [October 28, 1861] 45
Online
  Folder
Schedule of personal property delivered by Horace Fenton to the Sacred Order of Unionists, November 19, 1861 46
("Schedule of personal property delivered by Horace Fenton to the Sacred Order of Unionists," online pending)
  Folder
Indenture, Horace Fenton to the Sacred Order of Unionists, signed by Fenton and Sheldon, November 19, 1861 47
Online
  Folder
"Position and Obligations of the Commercial Agent," signed by Sheldon and Orvis, January 1, 1862 48
Online
  Folder
"Of National Concentration," signed Benjamin Franklin [J. M. Spear], January 3, 1862 49
Online
  Folder
"Of Sacred Matrimony" [T. S. Sheldon], March 19, 1862 50
Online
  Folder
Copy of agreement Between John Orvis and T. S. Sheldon, April 1, 1862 51
Online
  Folder
Report of Matron at Mt. Alpheus from December 17, 1861-May 1, 1862, May 9, 1862 52
("Report of Matron at Mt. Alpheus from December 17, 1861-May 1, 1862," online pending)
  Folder
Address to the President of the General Assembly by J. M. Spear, May 12, 1862 53
Online
  Folder
T. S. Sheldon to Bro Orvis, with cash accounts from March 1 to June 1, 1862, June 3, 1862 54
("T. S. Sheldon to Bro Orvis, with cash accounts from March 1 to June 1, 1862," online pending)
  Folder
C. F. Doane to T. S. Sheldon, June 5, 1862 55
Online
  Folder
C. F. Doane to T. S. Sheldon, August 1, 1862 56
Online
  Folder
"Things To Be Done in the Modelic Years," by Benjamin Franklin [J. M. Spear], August 22, 1862 57
Online
  Folder
Untitled, by J. M. Spear, September 16, 1862 58
("Untitled, by J. M. Spear," online pending)
  Folder
Financial Report of Communicative and Educational Departments of the Sacred Order of Unionists for the third quarter of 1862, October 1, 1862 59
Online
  Folder
Financial Reports from Mt. Alpheus for May-October 1862 by C. F. Doane, 1862 60
Online
  Folder
Receipts and Expenses at Mt. Alpheus, November 1862 61
("Receipts and Expenses at Mt. Alpheus," online pending)
  Folder
Report of Expenditures at Mt. Alpheus, December 2, 1862 62
("Report of Expenditures at Mt. Alpheus," online pending)
  Folder
"To the Omniarch," by J. M. Spear, January 5, 1863 63
Online
  Folder
"Conditions Requisite to Proper Wealth," by J. M. Spear, January 17, 1863 64
Online
  Folder
"Of Business Management," signed Benjamin Franklin [J. M. Spear], January 24, 1863 65
Online
  Folder
"Of A Real Estate Association," by J. M. Spear, January 17, 1863 66
Online
  Folder
John Orvis to the head of the General Assembly, February 2, 1863 67
Online
  Folder
Proclamation of the Omniarch Dissolution of the Sacred Order of Unionists, by John Orvis February 2, 1863 68
("Proclamation of the Omniarch Dissolution of the Sacred Order of Unionists, by John Orvis" online pending)
  Folder
John Orvis to the head of the Assembly, February 2, 1863 69
Online
  Folder
John Orvis to the head of the Assembly, February 4, 1863 70
Online
  Folder
John Orvis to the head of the General Assembly, February 12, 1863 71
Online
  Folder
"Of New York" and "Of Philadelphia," by J. M. Spear, February 21, 1863 72
Online
  Folder
Plan of Business Action for the Month of March 1863, by J. M. Spear, February 22, 1863 73
("Plan of Business Action for the Month of March 1863, by J. M. Spear," online pending)
  Folder
"Thoughts for the Consideration of the More Immediate 74
Online
  Folder
Reading of J. N. Stebbins by J. M. Spear, March 1863 75
("Reading of J. N. Stebbins by J. M. Spear," online pending)
  Folder
Community Proposition to Orvis, Boyd and Company by J. M. Spear February 2, 1863 76
Online
  Folder
"Business Action," by J. M. Spear, March 7, 1863 77
Online
  Folder
John Orvis to Brother Sheldon, March 2, 1863 78
Online
  Folder
"Methods of Action," by J. M. Spear, March 2, 1863 79
Online
  Folder
"Of Trade, its Qualities, Characteristics, Uses and Tendencies," signed Benjamin Franklin [J. M. Spear], March 3, 1863 80
Online
  Folder
"Of Speculations," by J. M. Spear, March 7, 1863 81
Online
  Folder
"Of Exhibitions," by J. M. Spear, March 7, 1863 82
Online
  Folder
"Of the Bodily and Mental Powers to be Used in Speculative Labors," by J. M. Spear, March 8, 1863 83
Online
  Folder
"Things to be thought of to the General Agent," by J. M. Spear, March 8, 1863 84
Online
  Folder
"Plan of Action," by J. M. Spear, ca. March 10, 1863 85
Online
  Folder
"Counsel to the Agent," J. M. Spear, March 10, 1863 86
Online
  Folder
"Counsel to the Agent of the Iron Mountains, etc." by J. M. Spear March 11, 1863 87
Online
  Folder
Counsel to the Agent (J. M. Spear), March 12, 1863 88
Online
  Folder
"Prognosis," J. M. Spear, March 12, 1863 89
Online
  Folder
"Of the Balance Faculties," by J. M. Spear, March 13, 1863 90
Online
  Folder
"Of Banks of Treasury Notes and of Other Financial Institutions," by J. M. Spear, March 13, 1863 91
Online
  Folder
"Of the Union," by J. M. Spear, March 14, 1863 92
Online
  BoxFolder
"Methods of Action at Philadelphia," by J. M. Spear, March 20, 1863 31
Online
  Folder
"Of Gold and Its Uses," by J. M. Spear, March 20, 1863 2
Online
  Folder
"Of the Russian Iron," signed Benjamin Franklin [J. M. Spear], March 21, 1863 3
Online
  Folder
"Counsel to the Agent," by J. M. Spear, March 22, 1863 4
Online
  Folder
"Of Corporations," by J. M. Spear, March 22, 1863 5
Online
  Folder
"Prognosis," by J. M. Spear, March 22, 1863 6
Online
  Folder
"Of Loans and of Credit in General," by J. M. Spear, March 27, 1863 7
Online
  Folder
"Preparative Instructions," J. M. Spear, March 28, 1863 8
Online
  Folder
"Scheme of Action on the British Mind," J. M. Spear, March 28, 1863 9
Online
  Folder
"Of the Machine and Its Sale," by J. M. Spear, March 29, 1863 10
Online
  Folder
"Special Directions," J. M. Spear, March 29, 1863 11
Online
  Folder
"Of the Erie Railway," by J.M Spear, March 30, 1863 12
Online
  Folder
Communication Received at the Western Hotel, March 31, 1863 13
Online
  Folder
T. S. Sheldon to Dear Brother, April 1, 1863 14
("T. S. Sheldon to Dear Brother," online pending)
  Folder
"Business Compact," by J. M. Spear, April 1, 1863 15
Online
  Folder
"Instructions," by J. M. Spear, April 1, 1863 16
Online
  Folder
"Questions to be --," J. M. Spear, April 4, 1863 17
Online
  Folder
"Thoughts for the Serious Consideration of the Agent," by J. M. Spear, April 10, 1863 18
Online
  Folder
"Scheme of Action for the Serious Consideration of the Agent," by J. M. Spear, April 11, 1863 19
Online
  Folder
"Thoughts for the Consideration of the Agent," by J. M. Spear, April 15, 1863 20
Online
  Folder
"Thoughts for the Consideration of the Agent," by J. M. Spear, April 16, 1863 21
Online
  Folder
"Thoughts for the Consideration of the Agent," by J. M. Spear, April 19, 1863 22
Online
  Folder
"Sketch of the Character of Elias Howe," by J. M. Spear, April 20, 1863 23
Online
  Folder
"Of the Intellectual, the Moral, Spiritual and the Religious Faculties," by J. M. Spear, April 21, 1863 24
Online
  Folder
"Of the Powers, Obligations, and Limitations of the Associated Spirit World," by J. M. Spear, April 22, 1863 25
Online
  Folder
"The Office of the Mediator," by J. M. Spear, April 23, 1863 26
Online
  Folder
"Thoughts for Consideration of the Agent," by J. M. Spear, May 1, 1863 27
Online
  Folder
Papers transmitted in connection with Dr. Redfield by J. M. Spear, May 2 and 6, 1863 28
("Papers transmitted in connection with Dr. Redfield by J. M. Spear," online pending)
  Folder
"Basis of Negotiation," by J. M. Spear, ca. May 5, 1863 29
Online
  Folder
"My Plan of Action," by J. M. Spear, May 5, 1863 30
Online
  Folder
"Thoughts for the Consideration of the Agent," by J. M. Spear, May 5, 1863 31
Online
  Folder
"Thoughts for the Consideration of the Agent," by J. M. Spear, May 7, 1863 32
Online
  Folder
"Things to be Thought of by the Agent," by J. M. Spear, May 15, 1863 33
Online
  Folder
"Plan of Action on the Part of the Agent," by J. M. Spear, May 16, 1863 34
Online
  Folder
"Of Divorce, etc.," by J. M. Spear, May 17, 1863 35
Online
  Folder
"Of the New Stock Company," by J. M. Spear, May 23, 1863 36
Online
  Folder
"To the President of Commerce," by J. M. Spear, May 23, 1863 37
Online
  Folder
"Plan of Unitive Action," by J. M. Spear, May 25, 1863 38
Online
  Folder
"Seven Reasons for Obtainment of Legal Divorce," by J. M. Spear [written on the back of an application to join the Order], June 5, 1863 39
Online
  Folder
"Twelve Reasons for Open and Public Marriage," by J. M. Spear, June 7, 1863 40
Online
  Folder
"To the President," by J. M. Spear, June 10, 1863 41
Online
  Folder
"Of the White Robes," "Of the Whore," "Of Covenants Written, or Other Obligations," by J. M. Spear, June 11-17, 1863 42
Online
  Folder
"Of Agreements and Disagreements," J. M. Spear, June 18, 1863 43
Online
  Folder
"A General Epistle to the More Immediate Friends of the New Social Scheme," J. M. Spear, June 25, 1863 44
Online
  Folder
"The Future of America," by J. M. Spear, June 27, 1863 45
Online
  Folder
"Arrival in the Old World," J. M. Spear, June 30, 1863 46
Online
  Folder
Schedule of papers to be transmitted [J. M. Spear], July 1-2, 1863 47
("Schedule of papers to be transmitted [J. M. Spear]," online pending)
  Folder
"Statement of the Case," J. M. Spear, July 13, 1863 48
Online
  Folder
"Premonitions," J. M. Spear, July 15, 1863 49
Online
  Folder
"Premonitions II and III," J. M. Spear, July 16, 1863 50
Online
  Folder
"To the President," J. M. Spear, July 21, 1863 51
Online
  Folder
"Of Business Action," by J. M. Spear, July 26, 1863 52
Online
  Folder
"Of the Economics," by J. M. Spear, July 31, 1863 53
Online
  Folder
"New England Business Action," J. M. Spear, August 3, 1863 54
Online
  Folder
"Propositions,"J. M. Spear, August 11, 1863 55
Online
  Folder
"Power of Attorney," signed Benjamin Franklin [J. M. Spear], August 12, 1863 56
Online
  Folder
"Business Details," by J. M. Spear, August 14, 1863 57
Online
  Folder
"Thoughts for the Specificatoress and others," by J. M. Spear, August 17, 1863 58
Online
  Folder
John Orvis to T. S. Sheldon, August 17, 1863 59
Online
  Folder
"Of Compensation," by J. M. Spear, August 19, 1863 60
Online
  Folder
"Of Gold, Silver and the Other Precious Metals," by J. M. Spear, August 20, 1863 61
Online
  Folder
"Of the Employment of Negroes, Mulattoes, etc.," by J. M. Spear September 3, 1863 62
Online
  Folder
"Of the Action of the Superior upon the Inferior," by J. M. Spear September 4, 1863 63
Online
  Folder
"Of Attraction, Restraint and Compulsion," by J. M. Spear, September 5, 1863 64
Online
  Folder
"Of the Communicative Branch of the Social Scheme," signed Benjamin Franklin [J. M. Spear], September 24, 1863 65
Online
  Folder
"Last Words," [J. M. Spear], September 29, 1863 66
Online
  Folder
"Plan of Action to the Leading Mind of the General Assembly," J. M. Spear, October 12, 1863 67
Online
  Folder
"To the Apostle of Harmony," signed Benjamin Franklin [J. M. Spear], December 29, 1863 68
Online
  Folder
Isabelle Priget to Mr. Pearce, January 1864 69
Online
  Folder
John B. Conklin to Samuel Cuppy, January 12, 1864 70
Online
  Folder
Broadside for the Spirit-Power Institute [with handwritten note from Spear to Sheldon at bottom], February 25, 1864 71
Online
  Folder
J. G. Davey to J. M. Spear, March 15, 1864 72
Online
  Folder
Schedule of things to be done while at Paris by J. M. Spear, March 15, 1864 73
("Schedule of things to be done while at Paris by J. M. Spear," online pending)
  Folder
J. W. Cunningham to J. M. Spear, March 18, 1864 74
Online
  Folder
F. Cantagrel to Monsieur Laverdant [in French], April 1, 1864 75
Online
  Folder
"Of the Philosophy of Struggle," with a letter by Spear to Sheldon, April 12, 1864 76
Online
  Folder
John Sterling to Brother Sheldon, September 5, 1864 77
Online
  Folder
Henry S. Fitch to Dear Sheldon, October 6, 1864 78
Online
  Folder
"The Opening of the Book of Life," initialed A. S. W. and B. F. [J. M. Spear], October 24, 1864 79
Online
  Folder
"Methods of Action," initialed A.S.W. and B. F. [J. M. Spear], October 25, 1864 80
Online
  Folder
Thomas and Anne Etchells to Mr. and Mrs. John Murray Spear, November 5, 1864 81
("Thomas and Anne Etchells to Mr. and Mrs. John Murray Spear," online pending)
  Folder
J. Murray Spear to My Dear Brother, November 22, 1864 82
Online
  Folder
J. Murray Spear to My Dear Friend Sheldon, November 22, 1864 83
Online
  Folder
J. Buffum to Friend Thaddeus, December 13, 1864 84
Online
  Folder
J. Buffum to T. S. Sheldon, December 15, 1864 85
Online
  Folder
F. B. Guthrie to William Howland, December 17, 1864 86
Online
  Folder
John Sterling to Brother Sheldon, December 25, 1864 87
Online
  Folder
J. Buffum to Thaddeus Sheldon, January 3, 1865 88
Online
  Folder
G. B. Ferguson to Mr. and Mrs. Spear, January 19, 1865 89
Online
  Folder
Financial account [by Mrs. Spear], January 25, 1865 90
Online
  Folder
J. M. S. to Carrie [Lewis], January 31, 1865 91
Online
  Folder
Specificatoress [Mrs. Spear] to Dearest Harmonizer, January 31, 1865 92
("Specificatoress [Mrs. Spear] to Dearest Harmonizer," online pending)
  Folder
A.S.W. [Associated Spirit World] to the American Agent, February 1, 1865 93
Online
  Folder
J. Murray Spear to My dear Brother, February 2, 1865 94
Online
  Folder
O. G. Chase to Brother Sheldon, February 13, 1865 95
("O. G. Chase to Brother Sheldon," online pending)
  Folder
Jonathon Buffum to Friend Thaddeus, February 20, 1865 96
Online
  Folder
John Sterling to Brother Sheldon, March 3, 1865 97
Online
  Folder
Jonathan Buffum to my dear Friend, March 15, 1865 98
Online
  Folder
Specss. [Mrs. Spear] to my dear brother, March 17, 1865 99
("Specss. [Mrs. Spear] to my dear brother," online pending)
  Folder
John Sterling to Brother Sheldon, March 26, 1865 100
Online
  Folder
John Sterling to Brother Sheldon, March 31, 1865 101
Online
  Folder
John Sterling to Brother Sheldon, May 6 and 14, 1865 102
Online
  Folder
John Orvis to My dear Brother, May 7, 1865 103
Online
  Folder
A.S.W. [J. M. Spear] to the American Agent, May 14, 1865 104
Online
  Folder
[The Spears] to Dear Brother [Sheldon], May 15, 1865 105
("[The Spears] to Dear Brother [Sheldon]," online pending)
  Folder
Caroline Spear to My dear brother [Sheldon], May 29, 1865 106
Online
  Folder
John Orvis to Brother Sheldon, June 15, 1865 107
Online
  Folder
J. Murray Spear to my dear brother, June 15, 1865 108
Online
  Folder
John Orvis to Brother Sheldon, June 20, 1865 109
Online
  Folder
"Address to the People of America," by J. M. Spear, March 9, 1866 110
Online
  Folder
"To the President," signed Benjamin Franklin [J. M. Spear], June 4, 1868 111
Online
  BoxFolder
Untitled, [T. S. Sheldon],ca. 1854 41
("Untitled, [T. S. Sheldon],ca. 1854" online pending)
  Folder
Untitled, [T. S. Sheldon], ca. 1854-1856 2
("Untitled, [T. S. Sheldon]," online pending)
  Folder
"Faith in Principles," [T. S. Sheldon], 3
Online
  Folder
"Of Heroism," [T. S. Sheldon], ca. 1854-1856 4
Online
  Folder
Untitled, [T. S. Sheldon], ca. 1854-1856 5
("Untitled, [T. S. Sheldon]," online pending)
  Folder
Untitled, [T. S. Sheldon], ca. 1854-1856 6
("Untitled, [T. S. Sheldon]," online pending)
  Folder
"Of Events," [T. S. Sheldon], ca. 1854-1856 7
Online
  Folder
Untitled, [T. S. Sheldon], ca. 1854-1856 8
("Untitled, [T. S. Sheldon]," online pending)
  Folder
"Of Fidelity to Principles," [T. S. Sheldon], ca. 1854-1856 9
Online
  Folder
"Of Agriculture," [T. S. Sheldon], ca. 1854-1856 10
Online
  Folder
"When is God-Who is God-What is God," [T. S. Sheldon], ca. 1854-1856 11
Online
  Folder
"Of Health," [T. S. Sheldon], ca. 1854-1856 12
Online
  Folder
Untitled, [T. S. Sheldon], ca. 1854-1856 13
("Untitled, [T. S. Sheldon]," online pending)
  Folder
"Of Association," [T. S. Sheldon], ca. 1854-1856 14
Online
  Folder
Untitled, [T. S. Sheldon], ca. 1854-1856 15
("Untitled, [T. S. Sheldon]," online pending)
  Folder
Untitled, [T. S. Sheldon], ca. 1854-1856 16
("Untitled, [T. S. Sheldon]," online pending)
  Folder
"Of Government," [T. S. Sheldon], ca. 1854-1856 17
Online
  Folder
"Of Onanism," [T. S. Sheldon], ca. 1854-1856 18
Online
  Folder
Broadside for The Educator, 1857 19
Online
  Folder
"Of Education," [T. S. Sheldon], ca. 1857 20
Online
  Folder
Moral Police Fraternity Constitution and Letter of Instruction, ca. 1858 21
Online
  Folder
Untitled [T. S. Sheldon], ca. 1858 22
("Untitled [T. S. Sheldon]," online pending)
  Folder
"Birthology," [T. S. Sheldon], ca. March 30, 1858 23
Online
  Folder
Untitled, [T. S. Sheldon], ca. 1859 24
("Untitled, [T. S. Sheldon]," online pending)
  Folder
"Mission of the Apostle of Harmony," signed Esther from Queen [T. S. Sheldon], ca. 1859 25
Online
  Folder
"Basis of a Bread Association," by J. M. Spear, ca. 1859 26
Online
  Folder
"Announcement of the Organization of the Sacred Order," [J. M. Spear], ca. December 1859 27
Online
  Folder
List of rules to be observed while on the river expedition, written by J. M. Spear, ca. December 1859 28
Online
  Folder
"The Merchant," [T. S. Sheldon], ca. 1860 29
Online
  Folder
"Address to the American People, Number Two," signed S. M. J., ca. 1860 30
Online
  Folder
Hewitt to dear Sterling, ca. 1860 31
Online
  Folder
Broadside for The Unionists, ca. 1860 32
Online
  Folder
Prospectus for the Pilot Knob Iron Company, ca. 1861 33
("Prospectus for the Pilot Knob Iron Company," online pending)
  Folder
"What A Merchant Should Be!" [T. S. Sheldon], ca. 1861 34
Online
  Folder
"Invocation,"by J. M. Spear, ca. 1862 35
Online
  Folder
Untitled, by J. M. Spear, ca. 1862 36
("Untitled, by J. M. Spear," online pending)
  Folder
"Of Industrial Organizations," by J. M. Spear, ca. 1862 37
Online
  Folder
"Of Methods of Action," by J. M. Spear, June 5, 1863 38
Online
  Folder
"Of Incentives,"by J. M. Spear, ca. 1863 39
Online
  Folder
Address to the Direct Owners and Managers of the Machine, [T. S. Sheldon], ca. 1863 40
Online
  Folder
"A Business Statement," by J. M. Spear, ca. 1863 41
Online
  Folder
Untitled, [J. M. Spear], ca. 1863 42
("Untitled, [J. M. Spear]," online pending)
  Folder
"My Scheme of Management," by J. M. Spear, March 1863 43
Online
  Folder
Untitled, [J. M. Spear], ca. 1864 44
("Untitled, [J. M. Spear]," online pending)
  Folder
J. M. Spear business card, ca. 1864 45
Online
  Folder
J. Chapman poem "To A Skylark," [with note by Spear on back], ca. 1864 46
Online
  Folder
"Business Agreement," by J. M. Spear, ca. 1864 47
Online
  Folder
"Propositions," by T. S. Sheldon, ca. 1864 48
Online
  Folder
"To the Apostle of Harmony," signed Benjamin Franklin [J. M. Spear], ca. 1864 49
Online
  Folder
List of Papers Given in Paris from April 7-May 15, ca. 1864 50
Online
  Folder
John Sterling to T. S. Sheldon, ca. 1865 51
Online
  Folder
Invocation, ca. April 2, 1865 52
Online
  Folder
Envelope Addressed to T. S. Sheldon, ca. October 25, 1865 53
Online

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Series  II. Ernest C. Miller Correspondence and Research 

Scope and Contents note

This series contains correspondence, handwritten transcripts, Photostats, and items relating to research of Harmonia, much of which are typewritten copies, particularly the excerpts from books and articles.

  Folder
Typewritten notes and a Photostat of a newspaper clipping about Kiantone, undated 54
  Folder
Resume of writings of John Murray Spear, leader of Harmonia, undated 55
  Folder
Typewritten copy of "The Kiantone Movement," by Oliver F. Chase 56
  Folder
Clipping of article by Ray Finch titled "Fabled Harmonia Lingers in Spirit", September 1, 1949 57
  Folder
Article from Time about the North American Phalanx, May 16, 1949 58
  Folder
The Kiantone Valley and the Association of Beneficents, unpublished speech by William S. Bailey, June 27, 1924 59
  Folder
Hand-drawn map of Kiantone Harmonia, undated 60
  Folder
Correspondence between Ernest C. Miller and T. D. Seymour Bassett, December 10, 16, and 19, 1947 61
  Folder
Handwritten notes about Harmonia, undated 62
  Folder
Handwritten copy of Thaddeus S. Sheldon's diary entries from May 17, 1849 to February 24, 1866, undated 63
  Folder
Correspondence between Ernest C. Miller and Josephine G. Myers, July 1947-February 1949 64
  Folder
Photostat of September 26, 1933 report of water analysis of Spiritual Springs water 65
  Folder
Ernest C. Miller correspondence, February 1947-June 1948 66
  Folder
Library references and correspondence, August 1946-March 1950 67
  Folder
Correspondence between Ernest C. Miller and Arthur E. Bestor, Jr., May 1948-March 1950 68
  Folder
Typewritten excerpts from Interior Causes of the War: The Nation Demonized, and Its President a Spirit-Rapper, by David Quinn, undated 69
  Folder
Typewritten information about Dr. O. W. Wellington, undated 70
  Folder
Notes compiled by Ernest C. Miller about the history of the Kiantone Valley Spiritualist Community, November 1941 71
  Folder
Clipping from Life about octagonal houses 72
  Folder
Typewritten transcript of an interview with John M. Cushman, January 21, 1949 73
  Folder
Photostat of article from Cleveland newspaper titled "Utopia-The Lost Dream City (The City of Spiritual Springs),"by E. George Lindstrom, April 17, 1938 74
  Folder
Correspondence between Ernest C. Miller and Margaret M. Fish (Thaddeus Sheldon's granddaughter), April 1951 and April-May 1957 75
  Folder
Broadside for The Educator, 1857 76
  Folder
Photostat of The New Era: Or Heaven Opened to Man, June 28, 1854 77
  Folder
Typewritten transcript of an January 13, 1949 interview with Gerald G. Staples and correspondence, May 1948-June 1949 78
  Folder
Ernest C. Miller correspondence with the New York Public Library, February 1949 79

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