Andrew Carnegie Correspondence Collection CLP.20170718.001

Carnegie Library of Pittsburgh Archives and Special Collections

Summary Information

Repository
Carnegie Library of Pittsburgh Archives and Special Collections
Title
Andrew Carnegie Correspondence Collection
Creator
Carnegie, Andrew, 1835-1919
Collection Number
CLP.20170718.001
Date [inclusive]
1890-1920
Extent
10 Cubic Feet 10 boxes
English

Preferred Citation

The Andrew Carnegie Correspondence Collection, the William R. Oliver Special Collections Room, Carnegie Library of Pittsburgh

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Biographical / Historical

Andrew Carnegie was born in Scotland on November 28, 1835. Carnegie immigrated to America in 1848 at the age of 13. In America, Carnegie worked as a telegraph operator and, in 1853, was employed by Thomas A. Scott of the Pennsylvania Railroad Company. Scott took Carnegie under his wing and Carnegie rose quickly through the ranks of the company. After the Civil War, Carnegie became involved, and invested, in the Steel industry. Keeping close associations with the Railroad, Carnegie's iron and Steel industries flourished. In the 1870's, Carnegie founded Pittsburgh's Carnegie Steel Company which, by the 1890's, became the largest and most profitable industrial business in the world. Needless to say, Carnegie amassed a large amount of wealth and in the later years of his life he used this wealth philanthropically.

In 1895, Carnegie opened a public library in Pittsburgh. The functions of the Library, which not only included books but concerts and art exhibits, quickly expanded beyond the means and the size of the building itself. In 1907, Carnegie expanded the Library and the Carnegie Institute was opened. The Institute grew to include a museum and art gallery. In 1900, Carnegie established the Carnegie Technical School which later became Carnegie Mellon University. Carnegie's philanthropy continued until his death on August 11, 1919. The libraries, museums, and colleges that he founded have continued to expand and they remain vibrant and active institutions in the communities in which they reside.

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Content Description

This collection is composed of three series: the Library Series, the Institute Series and the Miscellaneous Series.

The strength of the collection is its research value. This collection would be extremely useful for anyone seeking research material pertaining to Andrew Carnegie, his philanthropy, or the founding of his Pittsburgh institutions. The weaknesses of the collection are that several of the documents are undated, the creator of the collection is unknown, and the original order of the material was compromised by archivists in the past.

The collection consists entirely of correspondence with the exception of a few newspaper clippings that were attached to letters of correspondence. The documents and materials are contained in twelve five -inch thick acid free boxes and take up approximately twelve cubic feet. The documents were created between the years 1890 and 1920. The bulk of the materials were created between 1890 and 1911. There are no file restrictions.

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Arrangement

This collection is composed of three series: the Library Series, the Institute Series and the Miscellaneous Series.

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Administrative Information

Publication Information

Carnegie Library of Pittsburgh Archives and Special Collections

4400 Forbes Avenue
Pittsburgh, PA 15201
info@carnegielibrary.org
URL: http://www.carnegielibrary.org/

Conditions Governing Access

There are no access restrictions.

Conditions Governing Use

There are no use restrictions.

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Collection Inventory

Series  I Carnegie Library 

Scope and Contents

The Carnegie Library series contains correspondence pertaining to the establishment of the Carnegie Library in Pittsburgh. The correspondence is largely between Carnegie and Library officials, although personal letters and inter-office correspondence are present to some degree. Key characters in the correspondence are James B. Scott, William N. Frew, Edwin H. Anderson, and Andrew Carnegie himself.

  boxfolder
Library - Correspondence 1889 A1
  boxfolder
Library - Correspondence 1890 A2
  boxfolder
Library - Correspondence 1891 A3
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Library - Correspondence 1892 A4
  boxfolder
Library - Correspondence 1893 A5
  boxfolder
Library - Correspondence 1894 A6
  boxfolder
Library - Correspondence 1895 A7
  boxfolder
Library - Correspondence 1897 A8
  boxfolder
Library - Correspondence 1898 A9
  boxfolder
Library - Correspondence 1899 A10
  boxfolder
Library - Correspondence 1901 A11
  boxfolder
Library - Correspondence 1902 A12
  boxfolder
Library - Correspondence 1903  B13
  boxfolder
Library - Correspondence 1904  B14
  boxfolder
Library - Correspondence 1905  B15
  boxfolder
Library - Correspondence 1906  B16
  boxfolder
Library - Correspondence 1907  B17
  boxfolder
Library - Correspondence 1908  B18
  boxfolder
Library - Correspondence 1909  B19
  boxfolder
Library - Correspondence 1910  B20
  boxfolder
Library - Correspondence 1911  B21
  boxfolder
Library - Correspondence 1914  B22
  boxfolder
Library - Correspondence 1915  B23
  boxfolder
Library - Correspondence 1916  B24
  boxfolder
Library - Correspondence - No Date  B25
  boxfolder
Library - Correspondence - Branch - Post Carnegie  B26

Series  II Carnegie Institute  

Scope and Contents

The Carnegie Institute Series includes correspondence pertaining to the establishment of the Carnegie Institute, including the museum and art departments and related programs, and the Carnegie Technical Institute. Key Characters in the correspondence include: John Beatty, Samuel Haden Church, William J. Holland, William N. Frew, Arthur A. Hamerschlag and Andrew Carnegie himself. Other notable characters are Theodore Roosevelt and Woodrow Wilson.

  boxfolder
Institute - Correspondence 1891 C1
  boxfolder
Institute - Correspondence 1894 C2
  boxfolder
Institute - Correspondence 1895 C3
  boxfolder
Institute - Correspondence 1896 C4
  boxfolder
Institute - Correspondence 1897 C5
  boxfolder
Institute - Correspondence 1898 C6
  boxfolder
Institute - Correspondence 1899 C7
  boxfolder
Institute - Correspondence 1900 D8
  boxfolder
Institute - Correspondence 1901 D9
  boxfolder
Institute - Correspondence 1902 D10
  boxfolder
Institute - Correspondence 1903 D11
  boxfolder
Institute - Correspondence 1904 D12
  boxfolder
Institute - Correspondence 1905 E13
  boxfolder
Institute - Correspondence 1906 E14
  boxfolder
Institute - Correspondence, Part 1 1907 E15
  boxfolder
Institute - Correspondence, Part 2 1907 E16
  boxfolder
Institute - Correspondence 1908 E17
  boxfolder
Institute - Correspondence 1909 F18
  boxfolder
Institute - Correspondence 1910 F19
  boxfolder
Institute - Correspondence 1911 F20
  boxfolder
Institute - Correspondence 1912 F21
  boxfolder
Institute - Correspondence 1913 G22
  boxfolder
Institute - Correspondence, Part 1 1914 G23
  boxfolder
Institute - Correspondence, Part 2 1914 G24
  boxfolder
Institute - Correspondence 1915 G25
  boxfolder
Institute - Correspondence 1916 G26
  boxfolder
Institute - Correspondence 1917 G27
  boxfolder
Institute - Correspondence 1918 G28
  boxfolder
Institute - Correspondence 1919 G29
  boxfolder
Institute - Correspondence 1920 G30
  boxfolder
Institute - Correspondence, no date G31
  boxfolder
Institute - Correspondence 1960 G32

Series  III Miscellaneous Correspondence 

Scope and Contents

The Miscellaneous series is split into two sub-series: "General" and "Copies." The "General" files are copies of Carnegie correspondence that are unrelated to the Pittsburgh institutions. They are type written copies probably taken from the Library of Congress, (the exact origins of all the documents are unknown, but some are marked "Library of Congress"). The "Copies" files include type-written copies of documents that are included in the first two series--their origins are also unknown.

Subseries  1 General 

  boxfolder
Miscellaneous - Correspondence 1837-1952 H1
  boxfolder
Miscellaneous - Correspondence 1853-1884 H2
  boxfolder
Miscellaneous - Correspondence 1885-1891 H3
  boxfolder
Miscellaneous - Correspondence 1892-1895 H4
  boxfolder
Miscellaneous - Correspondence 1896-1897 H5
  boxfolder
Miscellaneous - Correspondence 1898 H6
  boxfolder
Miscellaneous - Correspondence 1899 H7
  boxfolder
Miscellaneous - Correspondence 1900 H8
  boxfolder
Miscellaneous - Correspondence 1901 H9
  boxfolder
Miscellaneous - Correspondence 1902 H10
  boxfolder
Miscellaneous - Correspondence 1903 H11
  boxfolder
Miscellaneous - Correspondence 1904 H12
  boxfolder
Miscellaneous - Correspondence 1904 I13
  boxfolder
Miscellaneous - Correspondence 1905 I14
  boxfolder
Miscellaneous - Correspondence 1906 I15
  boxfolder
Miscellaneous - Correspondence 1907 I16
  boxfolder
Miscellaneous - Correspondence 1908 I17
  boxfolder
Miscellaneous - Correspondence 1909 I18
  boxfolder
Miscellaneous - Correspondence 1910 I19
  boxfolder
Miscellaneous - Correspondence 1911 I20
  boxfolder
Miscellaneous - Correspondence 1912 I21
  boxfolder
Miscellaneous - Correspondence 1913 I22
  boxfolder
Miscellaneous - Correspondence 1914 I23
  boxfolder
Miscellaneous - Correspondence 1915 I24

Subseries  2 Copies 

  boxfolder
Miscellaneous - Correspondence 1890-1892 J25
  boxfolder
Miscellaneous - Correspondence 1893-1895 J26
  boxfolder
Miscellaneous - Correspondence 1896-1898 J27
  boxfolder
Miscellaneous - Correspondence 1899-1900 J28
  boxfolder
Miscellaneous - Correspondence 1901-1903 J29
  boxfolder
Miscellaneous - Correspondence 1904-1905 J30
  boxfolder
Miscellaneous - Correspondence 1906-1907 J31
  boxfolder
Miscellaneous - Correspondence 1908-1911 J32
  boxfolder
Miscellaneous - Correspondence 1912-1914 J33
  boxfolder
Miscellaneous - Correspondence 1915-1919 J34
  boxfolder
Miscellaneous - Correspondence - No dates J35
  boxfolder
Miscellaneous - Correspondence - Institute, No Carnegie J36
  boxfolder
Miscellaneous - Correspondence - Institute related 1909-1921 J37