Eden Hall Farm Records, 1881-2007

Chatham University

Summary Information

Repository
Chatham University
Title
Eden Hall Farm Records,
Creator
Eden Hall Foundation.
Collection Number
MSS.2008.001
Date [inclusive]
1881-2007
Extent
33.67 linear feet

Preferred Citation:

Eden Hall Farm Records, 1881-2007, MSS.2008.001, Chatham University Archives & Special Collections

Return to Table of Contents »


Administrative History:

Sebastian Mueller was born in Bismarck in 1860. After serving the required time in the military, Mueller moved to Pittsburgh, PA in order to work at the factory of his cousin, H.J. Heinz. Mueller began his career at the H.J. Heinz Co. as a general laborer, but quickly rose through the ranks to become a Senior Vice President. In 1888, Mueller married the sister of H.J. Heinz, Elizabeth Heinz. The two would have three children together, two of whom died in early childhood and a son who died in early adulthood. In memoriam of his two young daughters who passed away, Mueller began to buy tracts of land in the area of Glenshaw, PA in order to open a convalescence home in Glenshaw, PA. The home was opened in 1922 under the name "Elsalma Terrace." Mueller intended female workers of the H.J. Heinz Co. to use this property after an illness or surgery. This home continued in operation until 1935. Upon the death of his wife in 1934, Mueller moved into the Elsalma Home and began plans for a more elaborate vacation and convalescence home for the female employees of H.J. Heinz Co. Growing older himself, Mueller dictated his express wishes for the continuation of his project in a will and appointed men as trustees of Eden Hall Farm. Other than minor bequests, the entirety of Mueller's estate went to establish Eden Hall Farm.      

Although Eden Hall Farm was officially created in 1939, the farm did not open to guests until 1951 after construction was delayed due to the country's involvement in WWII. Eden Hall Farm operated for the next thirty years as a non-profit corporation and any female employee of H.J. Heinz Co. could spend vacation and convalescent time there. In 1969, the Internal Revenue Service challenged the nonprofit status of Eden Hall Farm as the trustees had voted to allow female employees to bring guests from outside Heinz Co. to accompany them during their stay. In a 1973 lawsuit, the courts ruled in favor of Eden Hall Farm, who was granted a return to tax exempt status as a non-profit organization. In 1983, all of the net assets of Eden Hall Farm were transferred to the newly created Eden Hall Foundation, while Eden Hall Farm remained in existence for the sole purpose of a recreational home for working women. In the years to follow, the expenses to operate Eden Hall Farm would exceed the income the trust account created following the death of Mueller.  In an August 28, 2003 Order of Court of the Allegheny County Court of Common Pleas, Orphans' Court Division, a decision was made to allow Eden Hall Farm to remain open as a vacation home for women until 2007. If, by this time, the farm was unable to secure sufficient financial funds or contributions that would allow it to remain open, it would be turned over to the Eden Hall Foundation.  In 2008, the Eden Hall Foundation gifted Eden Hall Farm to Chatham University in Pittsburgh, PA with a mission to promote sustainability and empower women.

Historical Timeline:

1860: Sebastian Mueller born in Bavaria

1884: Mueller immigrates to Pittsburgh, PA and begins work at F & J Heinz Co. (Predecessor to H. J. Heinz Co.)

1888: Mueller marries Elizabeth Heinz 1892: Both of Mueller's young daughters succumb to diphtheria

1893: Son, Stanford Leland, born

1912: Stanford contracts scarlet fever and pneumonia and passes away

1912: Mueller recovers from the death of his son at a spa in Germany

1912: Mueller returns to Pittsburgh and begins purchasing property in Richland Township to raise horses and host company recreational activities

1922: Mueller purchases "Elsalma Terrace," a home named after his daughters and used for the purposes of a convalescent home for female employees of Heinz.

1934: Death of wife, Elizabeth

1935: Mueller begins to work on a more elaborate vacation and convalescent home for female employees.

1937: First labor strike begins and ends at Heinz 1938: November 17, death of Mueller

1939: Eden Hall Farm officially created

1951: July 1st; The Lodge at Eden Hall Farm opens to female guests

1973: Eden Hall Farm v. The United States of America

2008: Eden Hall Foundation transfers property to Chatham University

Return to Table of Contents »


Arrangement of Materials:

The collection is organized into seven series.

Return to Table of Contents »


Administrative Information

Publication Information

Chatham University, November 2018

Woodland Road
Pittsburgh, PA, 15232
412-365-1212
jkmref@chatham.edu

Conditions Governing Access:

Restrictions have been placed on a portion of Series VI due to medical information on female visitors from the 1940s-1960s.  Otherwise, this collection is open for research use and may be accessed on-site from the Archives of Chatham University in the Jennie King Mellon Library.

Acquisition Information:

Materials were acquired by the university with Eden Hall Farm in 2008 and found on site.

Return to Table of Contents »


Controlled Access Headings

Corporate Name(s)

  • Eden Hall Farm.

Personal Name(s)

  • Mueller, Sebastian, 1860-1938

Subject(s)

  • Chatham University -- History -- Sources

Return to Table of Contents »


Collection Inventory

Series  I. Real Estate and Financials 

Scope and Contents

This series contains information related to the real estate holdings that comprise Eden Hall Farm. Many files include the original deeds of purchase in the early 20th century, as well as surveys later conducted in the 1980-1990s. It also contains the Last Will and Testament of Sebastian Mueller, which express his wishes for the use of his estate in order to create Eden Hall Farm. Within Mueller's original Last Will and Testament, he deeded gifts to his longtime housekeeper, Mary Kopp, his gardener, Herman Reisman, and the remaining female staff at his home. The entirety of the remainder of his estate was to benefit the creation and implementation of Eden Hall Farm. An addendum to his Last Will and Testament left instructions for other funds to be dispersed. Additionally, this series contains cancelled checks from Eden Hall Farm for the years 1955-1956, as well as the ledger book for Eden Hall spanning the years 1954-1956.

  BoxFolder
Staley Tract 11

4 Acres Purchased 9/18/12 Recorded V1748, P454

  BoxFolder
Campbell Tract 12

15 acres Purchased 10/28/19 Recorded V 1968, P606

  BoxFolder
H.J. Heinz Tract 13

H. J. Heinz Tract 20.768 acres Purchased 2/20/20 Recorded V2030, P 124 (sold 19.768 acres to O.J. price 8/31/63) C.S. Heinz Tract 23.14 acres Purchased 1/12/20

  BoxFolder
C.S. Heinz Tract 14

23.14 acres Purchased 1/12/20 Recorded V2039, P14

  BoxFolder
Burford Tract 15

5 acres Purchased 5/3/20 Recorded V2021, P193

  BoxFolder
Wilson Tract 16

53.73 acres Purchased 5/14/20 Recorded V2052, P138

  BoxFolder
Old Tract 17

5 acres Purchased 5/9/24 Recorded V2219, P54

  BoxFolder
Schlusselbrunner Tract 18

39.35 acres Purchased 7/25/28 Rec. V2339, P647

  BoxFolder
Morrison Tract 19

6.89 acres Purchased 11/10/28 Purchased V2380, P163

  BoxFolder
Beveridge Tract 110

49.217 acres Purchased 1/23/29 Recorded V 2388, P16

  BoxFolder
Hohmann Tract 111

31.71 acres Purchased 2/3/31 Recorded V2422, P522

  BoxFolder
Martin Tract 112

66.174 acres Purchased 6/10/32 Recorded V2472, P23

  BoxFolder
Wilson Tract 113

26.5 acres Purchased 3/29/34 Recorded V 2493, P444

  BoxFolder
Keil Tract 114

5 acres Purchased 12/14/36 Recorded V2559, P137

  BoxFolder
Morrow Tract 115

Bakerstown Road & Ridge Road- Recorded V3054 P501 3 acres + House & Garage Purchased 7/25/49

  BoxFolder
Huckestein Tract 116

3/4 acres Purchased 6/10/53 Recorded Vol. 3250 P710

  BoxFolder
Eden Hall Farm 21

Exemption From County and Property Taxes

  BoxFolder
Gibson Tract 22

40.293 acres Purchased 9/18/12 Recorded V 1734, P639

  BoxFolder
Warner Tract 23

57.43 Purchased 9/18/12 Recorded V1748, P454

  BoxFolder
King Oaks Plan 24

Lot #94 Purchased 8/1/22 Recorded V2153, P738

  BoxFolder
King Oaks Plan 25

Lots #36 and #95 Purchased 8/1/22 Recorded V2153, P738

  BoxFolder
King Oaks Plan 26

Lots #96, #97, and #98 Purchased 8/1/22 Recorded V2153, P738

  BoxFolder
King Oaks Plan 27

Lots #34 and #35 Purchased 5/12/23 Recorded V2157 P473 Sold to Glenshaw Presbyterian Church- 11/29/49

  BoxFolder
King Oaks Plan 28

Lot #38 Purchased 5/14/23 Recorded V2170, P5

  BoxFolder
King Oaks Plan 29

Purchased 11/21/23 Recorded V 2180, P488

  BoxFolder
King Oaks Plan 210

Lot #33 Purchased 8/31/26 Recorded V2306, P233 Sold to Edgar J. Cook 11/3/52

  BoxFolder
King Oaks Plan 211

Lot #93 Purchased 11/20/33 Recorded V 2181, P278

  BoxFolder
King Oaks Plan 212

Lot #32 and 33 Purchased 12/24/34 Recorded V2508, P120 Sold to Edgar J. Cook 11/3/52

  BoxFolder
King Oaks Plan 213

Lots #99 and #100 Purchased 2/9/35 Recorded V2510, P211

  BoxFolder
Entrance 214

1 acre

  BoxFolder
All Real Estate 215

Deeded to Eden Hall 6/14/39 Recorded V2626 P380

  BoxFolder
Gibson Tract 31

#1

  BoxFolder
Warner Tract 32

#2

  BoxFolder
Burford Tract 33

#3

  BoxFolder
Keil Tract 34

#4

  BoxFolder
Campbell Tract 35

#5

  BoxFolder
Martin Tract 36

#6

  BoxFolder
Beveridge Tract 37

#7

  BoxFolder
Morrison Tract 38

#8

  BoxFolder
Schlusselbrunner Tract 39

#9

  BoxFolder
Huckestein Tract 310

#9A (Part of Schlusselbrunner on tax book)

  BoxFolder
Staley Tract 311

#10

  BoxFolder
Old Tract 312

#11

  BoxFolder
Wilson Tract 313

(53.3) #12

  BoxFolder
Wilson Tract 314

26.5 #13

  BoxFolder
C.S. Heinz Tract 315

#14

  BoxFolder
Hohmann Tract 316

#15

  BoxFolder
Morrow Tract 317

#16

  BoxFolder
H.J. Heinz Tract 318

(Entrance) #17 (Dickson? on tax book)

  BoxFolder
Multiple Tracts 319

H.J. Heinz (entrance), Morrow, C.S. Heinz, Hohmann, Wilson, Wilson, Schlusselbrunner

  BoxFolder
Multiple Tracts 320

Gibson, Wilson, Storey, Warner, Old, Burford, Campbell, Martin, Morrison, Keil

  BoxFolder
Eden Hall Farms 321

Perimeter Plot

  Box
Eden Hall Ledger Book, 1954-1956 4
  Box
Cancelled Checks, 1955 5
  Box
Cancelled Checks, 1956 6

Series  II. Landscape/Architecture 

Scope and Contents

This series contains information related to the landscaping and architectural designs within Eden Hall Farm. A portion of the designs were created by Lord and Burnham, the oldest Greenhouse developer within the United States and creators of Phipps Conservatory in Pittsburgh, PA, the National Botanical Gardens in Washington D.C., and the New York Botanical Gardens in NY, NY. The series contains oversized prints, estimates for proposed landscaping work, a yearly painting schedule, and a list of all buildings located on the property. Part of this series is located in Box 3, Folders 22-23.

  BoxFolder
Buildings-Maps-Drawings & Misc. Information 322
  BoxFolder
Buildings-Maps-Drawings & Misc. Information 323

Series  III. Estate of Sebastian Mueller 

Scope and Contents

This series contains information related to the Estate of Sebastian Mueller. Included within the series are the inventory of Mueller's estate following his death, stockholder information at the H.J. Heinz Co., payments to Homewood Cemetery for the burial of Mueller, personal correspondence of E.D. McCafferty, the executor of Mueller's Last Will and Testament, a legal release signed by Jennie Leisie absolving Eden Hell Farm of any wrong doing following the death of her husband while employed at Eden Hall Farm, and proposed legal waivers for women to sign in the event of their staying at Eden Hall Farm.

  BoxFolder
Estate of Sebastian Mueller 71

Federal Estate Tax

  BoxFolder
Estate of Sebastian Mueller 72

Federal Estate Tax

  BoxFolder
Eden Hall Farm 73

Tax Exemptions-Income, Social Security, Unemployment

  BoxFolder
Estate of Sebastian Mueller 74

Organization of Eden Hall Farm

  BoxFolder
Estate of Sebastian Mueller 75

Organization of Eden Hall Farm

  BoxFolder
Estate of Sebastian Mueller 76

Federal Estate Tax Return Federal Estate Tax Pennsylvania Inheritance Tax Estate Tax Preliminary Notice

  BoxFolder
Estate of Sebastian Mueller 77

Federal Estate Tax Return Federal Estate Tax Pennsylvania Inheritance Tax Estate Tax Preliminary Notice

  BoxFolder
Estate of Sebastian Mueller 78

Federal Estate Tax Return Federal Estate Tax Pennsylvania Inheritance Tax Estate Tax Preliminary Notice

  BoxFolder
Estate of Sebastian Mueller 79

Federal Estate Tax Return Federal Estate Tax Pennsylvania Inheritance Tax Estate Tax Preliminary Notice

  BoxFolder
Estate of Sebastian Mueller 710

Federal Estate Tax Return Federal Estate Tax Pennsylvania Inheritance Tax Estate Tax Preliminary Notice

  BoxFolder
Estate of Sebastian Mueller, Settlement 81
  BoxFolder
Estate of Sebastian Mueller, Settlement 82
  BoxFolder
Estate of Sebastian Mueller, Settlement 83
  BoxFolder
Estate of Sebastian Mueller, Settlement 84
  BoxFolder
Estate of Sebastian Mueller, Settlement 85
  BoxFolder
Estate of Sebastian Mueller, Bank Vouchers 86

Mellon No’s 1 to 20 inc., Bank Vouchers-Workingman’s-No’s 1 to 307 inc., Mellon Bank Cancelled Checks, Workingman’s Bank Cancelled Checks

  BoxFolder
Estate of Sebastian Mueller, Bank Vouchers 87

Mellon No’s 1 to 20 inc., Bank Vouchers-Workingman’s-No’s 1 to 307 inc., Mellon Bank Cancelled Checks, Workingman’s Bank Cancelled Checks

  BoxFolder
Estate of Sebastian Mueller, Bank Vouchers 91
  BoxFolder
Estate of Sebastian Mueller, Bank Vouchers 92
  BoxFolder
Estate of Sebastian Mueller, Bank Vouchers 93
  BoxFolder
Estate of Sebastian Mueller, Bank Vouchers 94
  BoxFolder
Estate of Sebastian Mueller, Bank Vouchers 95
  BoxFolder
Estate of Sebastian Mueller, Bank Vouchers 96
  BoxFolder
Estate of Sebastian Mueller, Bank Vouchers 97
  BoxFolder
Estate of Sebastian Mueller 98
  BoxFolder
Estate of Sebastian Mueller, Account with H. J. Heinz Co. 99
  BoxFolder
Estate of Sebastian Mueller, Account with H. J. Heinz Co. 910
  BoxFolder
Estate of Sebastian Mueller, Account with H. J. Heinz Co. 911
  BoxFolder
Estate of Sebastian Mueller, Elizabeth C. Mueller Deeds 101
  BoxFolder
Estate of Sebastian Mueller, Elizabeth C. Mueller Deeds 102
  BoxFolder
Estate of Sebastian Mueller, Elizabeth C. Mueller Deeds 103
  BoxFolder
Estate of Sebastian Mueller 104
  BoxFolder
Estate of Sebastian Mueller 105
  BoxFolder
Estate of Sebastian Mueller 106
  BoxFolder
Estate of Sebastian Mueller 107
  BoxFolder
Estate of Sebastian Mueller 108
  BoxFolder
Estate of Sebastian Mueller 109
  BoxFolder
Estate of Sebastian Mueller 1010
  BoxFolder
Estate of Sebastian Mueller 1011
  BoxFolder
Estate of Sebastian Mueller, Appraisals 111
  BoxFolder
Estate of Sebastian Mueller, Appraisals 112
  BoxFolder
Estate of Sebastian Mueller, Appraisals 113
  BoxFolder
Estate of Sebastian Mueller, Appraisals 114
  BoxFolder
Estate of Sebastian Mueller 115
  BoxFolder
Estate of Sebastian Mueller 116

Series  IV. Eden Hall Farm v. The United States of America, 1973 

Scope and Contents

This series contains information related to the lawsuit filed by Eden Hall Farm against the United States of America regarding the tax-exempt status of Eden Hall Farm being revoked in 1969. When Eden Hall Farm was formally created following the death of Sebastian Mueller, the IRS had declared the corporation was a non-profit and granted it tax exemption status. In 1959, the trustees of Eden Hall Farm began to allow the female Heinz employees to bring outside guests with them during their stays. As a result of outsiders staying at Eden Hall Farm, the IRS declared the corporation was no longer working as a non-profit for the charitable benefit of the community. Arguing that Eden Hall Farm was not under direct jurisdiction of the H.J. Heinz Co. and that Sebastian Mueller's wishes were not being violated, in addition to the fact that Eden Hall Farm held lower occupancy rates of nearby hotels and lodges, the courts decided in favor of Eden Hall Farm. The corporation was able to recover over $114,000 of taxes paid, plus interest. (Personal correspondence related to the trial is restricted access.)

  BoxFolder
Eden Hall Farm v. The United States of America, 1973 Lawsuit, Tax Returns 117
  BoxFolder
Eden Hall Farm v. The United States of America, 1973 Lawsuit, Tax Returns 118
  BoxFolder
Eden Hall Farm v. The United States of America, 1973 Lawsuit, Trial Exhibits 119
  BoxFolder
Eden Hall Farm v. The United States of America, 1973 Lawsuit, Trial Exhibits 1110
  BoxFolder
Eden Hall Farm v. The United States of America, 1973 Lawsuit, Trial Exhibits 1111
  BoxFolder
Eden Hall Farm v. The United States of America, 1973 Lawsuit, Trial Exhibits 1112
  BoxFolder
Eden Hall Farm v. The United States of America, 1973 Lawsuit, Trial Exhibits 121
  BoxFolder
Eden Hall Farm v. The United States of America, 1973 Lawsuit, Trial Exhibits 122
  BoxFolder
Eden Hall Farm v. The United States of America, 1973 Lawsuit, Trial Exhibits 123
  BoxFolder
Eden Hall Farm v. The United States of America, 1973 Lawsuit, Trial Briefs 124
  BoxFolder
Eden Hall Farm v. The United States of America, 1973 Lawsuit, Trial Briefs 125
  BoxFolder
Eden Hall Farm v. The United States of America, 1973 Lawsuit, Trial Briefs 126
  BoxFolder
Eden Hall Farm v. The United States of America, 1973 Lawsuit, Trial Briefs 127
  BoxFolder
Eden Hall Farm v. The United States of America, 1973 Lawsuit, Trial Briefs 128
  BoxFolder
Eden Hall Farm v. The United States of America, 1973 Lawsuit, Trial Briefs 129

Series  V. Photographs and Ephemera 

Scope and Contents

This series contains photographs and ephemera related to Eden Hall Farm and Sebastian Mueller. Photograph of Eden Hall Farm include large framed prints of an annual Branch Manager's Meeting held at Eden Hall Farm, series of photographs taken for a possible featured article in LIFE Magazine in 1953, an oversized scrapbook for Eden Hall Farm, as well as various assorted photographs. Other photographs include images of female employees of H.J. Heinz Co. labeling Worcestershire sauce. Photographs related Sebastian Mueller include photographs of his wife, Elizabeth, Mueller and his horses, as well as several portraits of Mueller throughout his lifetime. The ephemera includes awards presented to Eden Hall Farm and a 1906 framed telegram. The majority of photographs are from the first half of the twentieth century.

  Box
Photographs and Ephemera 13
  Box
Photographs and Ephemera 14
  Box
Photographs and Ephemera 15

Series  VI. Guest Information, 1922-1996 

Scope and Contents

This series contains guest books for visitors of both Elsalma Terrace and Eden Hall Farm through the years 1922 to 1996. (Open access) The series also contains guest information from female visitors from 1940s-1960s. (Restricted access due to medical information)

  BoxFolder
Guests Information, Guest Books, 1922-1928 161
  BoxFolder
Guests Information, Guest Books, 1934-1936 162
  BoxFolder
Guests Information, Guest Books, 1936-1941 163
  BoxFolder
Guests Information, Guest Books, 1951-1957 164
  BoxFolder
Guests Information, Guest Books, 1951-1957 (Includes ’62-’64) 165
  BoxFolder
Guests Information, Guest Books, 1957-1960 171
  BoxFolder
Guests Information, Guest Books, 1960 172
  BoxFolder
Guests Information, Guest Books, 1963 173
  BoxFolder
Guests Information, Guest Books, 1964 174
  BoxFolder
Guests Information, Guest Books, 1966-1968 175
  BoxFolder
Guests Information, Guest Books, 1969-71 176
  BoxFolder
Guests Information, Guest Books, 1971 181
  BoxFolder
Guests Information, Guest Books, 1973 182
  BoxFolder
Guests Information, Guest Books, 1983 183
  BoxFolder
Guests Information, Guest Books, 1986-89 184
  BoxFolder
Guests Information, Guest Books, June 1989-1990 185
  BoxFolder
Guests Information, Guest Books, 1991-1994 186
  BoxFolder
Guests Information, Guest Books, 1995-1996 187

Series  VII. Eden Hall Upper Elementary School, 2005-2007 

Scope and Contents

This series contains information regarding the purchasing of land from Eden Hall Farm to the Pine-Richland School District in order to build an upper elementary school. The school opened in 2008 and memorializes the life of Sebastian Mueller. Included in this series is information regarding the groundbreaking ceremony, the naming of the campus, land surveys, and plans for the school to honor the work of Mueller. This series is contained in Box 7, Folders 12-15.

  BoxFolder
Eden Hall Upper Elementary School, Groundbreaking Ceremony 712
  BoxFolder
Eden Hall Upper Elementary School, Groundbreaking Ceremony 713
  BoxFolder
Eden Hall Upper Elementary School, School Naming, etc. 714
  BoxFolder
Eden Hall Upper Elementary School, School Naming, etc. 715