Guide to the Marshall W. "Major" Taylor Scrapbooks, 1897-1904 AIS.1984.07

ULS Archives & Special Collections

Summary Information

Repository
ULS Archives & Special Collections
Title
Marshall W. "Major" Taylor Scrapbooks
Creator
Taylor, Major, 1878-1932
Collection Number
AIS.1984.07
Date
1897-1904
Extent
1.0 microfilm reel  (922 frames, 35mm, positive and negative)
Abstract
Marshall W. ("Major") Taylor, a professional African-American bicycle racer, was born in Indianapolis, Indiana, on November 26, 1878. The scrapbooks document, through newsclippings from American and foreign presses, the climate of racial opinion in America and abroad as well as Taylor's reactions along with providing more factual information about professional cycling as a national and international sport. Digital reproductions of the microfilm are available online.

Preferred Citation

Marshall W. "Major" Taylor Scrapbooks, 1897-1904, AIS.1984.07, Archives & Special Collections, University of Pittsburgh

Return to Table of Contents »


Biography

Marshall W. ("Major") Taylor, a professional African-American bicycle racer, was born in Indianapolis, Indiana, on November 26, 1878. He started racing in Indianapolis and was eventually barred from competition. Around 1895, Taylor moved with his trainer, Louis D. ("Birdie") Munger to Worcester, Massachusetts. Taylor further developed his talent which led to three consecutive American sprint points championships, from 1898-1900, and a world championship in the mile sprint in Montreal on August 12, 1899. "Major" Taylor then embarked on competitive tours of Europe and Australia. As a black athlete in a characteristically all-white profession, Taylor attracted attention and commentary and faced unusual challenges and pressures.

Return to Table of Contents »


Scope and Content Notes

The scrapbooks document, through newsclippings from American and foreign presses, the climate of racial opinion in America and abroad as well as Taylor's reactions along with providing more factual information about professional cycling as a national and international sport. "Major" Taylor's autobiography, The Fastest Bicycle Racer in the World, was published in 1928, four years before his death (a copy can be obtained from the Hillman Library, African-American Collection, call number - GV 1051 T3A3). An article in  The Pittsburgh Press from April 29, 1984 includes an interview with Mrs. Sydney Taylor Brown, of Pittsburgh, Taylor's only child.

Return to Table of Contents »


Administrative Information

Publication Information

ULS Archives & Special Collections, 1984

University of Pittsburgh Library System
Archives & Special Collections
Website: library.pitt.edu/archives-special-collections
412-648-3232 (ASC) | 412-648-8190 (Hillman)
Contact Us: www.library.pitt.edu/ask-archivist

Access Restrictions

No restrictions.

Copyright

Permission for publication is given on behalf of the University of Pittsburgh as the owner of the physical items and is not intended to include or imply permission of the copyright holder, which must also be obtained.

Acquisition Information

Donated by Mrs. Sydney Taylor Brown in 1984.

Processing Information

This collection was processed by Archives Service Center staff in 1984.

Existence and Location of Copies

Digital reproductions of the collection are available online.

Existence and Location of Originals

Original records are in the possession of Mrs. Sydney Taylor Brown.

Return to Table of Contents »


Controlled Access Headings

Genre(s)

  • Scrapbooks

Personal Name(s)

  • Taylor, Major, 1878-1932

Subject(s)

  • African American athletes
  • African Americans -- Biography
  • Athletes -- United States
  • Bicycle racing
  • Cyclists -- Biography
  • Cyclists -- United States
  • Ethnic groups
  • Personal papers
  • Sports

Return to Table of Contents »


Previous Citation

Marshall W. "Major" Taylor Scrapbooks, 1897-1904, AIS.1984.07, Archives Service Center, University of Pittsburgh

Marshall Walter Taylor Scrapbooks, 1897-1904, ais 84:7 Micro, Archives of Industrial Society, University Library System, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, Pa., 15260

Return to Table of Contents »


Bibliography

Balf, Todd. Major: a black athlete, a white era, and the fight to be the world's fastest human being. New York: Crown Publishers, 2008.

Ritchie, Andrew. Mill Valley, CA: Bicycle Books, Inc., 1988.

Taylor, Major. The fastest bicycle rider in the world: the story of a colored boy's indomitable courage and success against great odds.Worcester, MA: Wormley Publishing, 1928.

Return to Table of Contents »


Collection Inventory

  Microfilm-cabinetReel
Volume 1, September 15, 1897-December 17, 1900 21
Online

Return to Table of Contents »


Volume 2, June 26, 1898-December 25, 1900 Online

Return to Table of Contents »


Volume 3, January 21, 1900-March 7, 1901 Online

Return to Table of Contents »


Volume 4 (also in French, German, and Italian), January 5-May 25, 1901 Online

Return to Table of Contents »


Volume 5 (also in French and Italian), April 13-June 26, 1901 Online

Return to Table of Contents »


Volume 6, December 10, 1903-April 22, 1904 Online

Return to Table of Contents »